FACTBOX-Sanctions on Zimbabwe

Jan 26 (Reuters) - The European Union added individuals and
firms to a sanctions list on Zimbabwe on Monday and called for a
probe into Harare's diamond industry.

Below are details of sanctions and restrictions in place
against Zimbabwe.


-- The United States first imposed sanctions in March 2003
and later widened them to apply to about 250 people accused of
undermining democracy. The U.S. sanctions also bar Americans
from engaging in any transactions or dealings with them.
-- In July, the Treasury Department said it would seek to
freeze assets of 17 Zimbabwean enterprises. The United States
also threatened in September to impose new sanctions against
President Robert Mugabe if he reneged on a power-sharing deal.

-- The European Union imposed a visa ban on Mugabe and 19
top officials in 2002 because of Zimbabwe's treatment of
observers sent to monitor presidential elections.

-- The number was later expanded and last month, the EU
added 11 more names to the list of 160 Zimbabweans, including
Mugabe, who are banned from visiting the bloc.

-- On Monday, the EU added a further 27 individuals and 36
companies to the list of banned allies of Mugabe because of
their links to suspected human rights abuses, EU officials said.

-- The sanctions list now includes for the first time
companies registered in the EU, including in Britain, diplomats
have said, without naming the firms.

-- Australia said in December it would impose financial and
visa restrictions on four extra companies and 75 more people who
are known supporters of Mugabe's government. The move means 258
Mugabe supporters face bans on travel to or through Australia,
and restrictions on financial transactions involving Australia.


-- The United States has a ban on transfers of defence items
and services, and a suspension of non-humanitarian
government-to-government assistance.

-- The European Union has an embargo on the sale and supply
of arms and technical advice and of equipment which could be
used for internal repression in Zimbabwe.

-- The embargo also prohibits technical and financial
assistance related to military activities.

-- In September, Canada banned arms exports, freezing the
assets of top Zimbabwean officials and banning its aircraft from
flying over or landing in Canada.


-- The Commonwealth group of mainly former British colonies
suspended Zimbabwe in early 2002 on the grounds that Mugabe had
rigged his re-election and persecuted his opponents. Zimbabwe
formally withdrew from the 54-nation group in 2003 after the
suspension was extended indefinitely.

-- The International Monetary Fund suspended technical
assistance to Zimbabwe in 2002 over its failure to clear arrears
and address its dire economic and social crisis.

-- It has averted expulsion by making small payments towards
clearing arrears.

-- Britain's Queen Elizabeth has stripped Mugabe of an
honorary knighthood awarded in 1994.


-- A 2007 cricket tour of Zimbabwe by Australia was
cancelled on the orders of Australia's government.

-- Cricket South Africa, which had been one of Zimbabwe's
strongest backers, suspended domestic agreements with the
Zimbabwe Cricket Union last June.

-- Days later, the England and Wales Cricket Board cancelled
Zimbabwe's 2009 tour of England under instructions from the
British government. The ECB said it had suspended all bilateral
arrangements with Zimbabwe Cricket.

-- The International Cricket Council said on July 4
that Zimbabwe had agreed to skip the 2009 World Twenty20 in
England to end a deadlock over demands that the African nation
be suspended.

Sources: Reuters/EU//www.state.gov